Pennsylvania Car Insurance (Coverage, Companies, & More)

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Pennsylvania Stats SummaryStatistics
Miles of Roadway120,091
Number of Vehicles Registered10,205,304
State Population12,791,124
Most Popular VehicleCR-V
Percentage of Uninsured Drivers7.60%
Total Driving Related Deaths1,190
-Speeding Fatalities455
-DUI Fatalities334
Average Annual Premiums$970.51
-Avg Liability Premium$499.06
-Avg Collision Premium$327.24
-Avg Comprehensive Premium$144.21
Cheapest ProvidersUSAA and Geico

Pennsylvania is home to a lot of American firsts – the first baseball stadium, the first automobile service station, the first daily newspaper, the first computer, the first Zoological garden, and the first commercial radio broadcast were all built or created in The Keystone State.

Pennsylvania is also home to mandatory insurance laws, so you are required by law to maintain at least the minimum liability coverage for your vehicle and you will need proof of insurance to register your vehicle with the state.

If you are ready to compare rates for car insurance in Pennsylvania, enter your ZIP code now to find a quote.

Table of Contents

Pennsylvania Car Insurance Coverage and Rates

Understanding car insurance is not an easy task. From your required minimum levels of coverage to how your rates are calculated, the subject is complex and changes from state to state, but it is possible to learn the ins and outs of the laws and requirements of your insurance.

Read below to find out more about the specifics of auto insurance and the laws that guide your experiences as a driver and a car owner.

– Pennsylvania’s Car Culture

Pennsylvania’s car culture is as old as it is varied. The first-ever gas station in the U.S. is located in Altoona,  but Pennsylvania is also home to the largest Amish population on earth, which means a solid portion of their citizens don’t use cars at all. You might even see a horse and buggy traveling down the road as you drive through the state.

The average person in Pennsylvania commutes 25.7 minutes each way, which is only marginally higher than the national average of 25.5 minutes.

– Pennsylvania Minimum Coverage

Unlike most other states, Pennsylvania is a no-fault state, which means that instead of the person who caused the accident intially being responsible for the damages, each driver is expected to file a claim with their own insurance company to compensate for any damages they experienced. Then the insurance companies work out which company reimburses the other.

Even within the framework of being a no-fault state, Pennsylvania’s laws are different from the rest because they are considered a “choice no-fault” state, which means that you have to choose between limited tort and full tort coverage. What is the difference?

  • Limited Tort – A driver is choosing the no-fault system, waiving their right to sue in the event of an accident. This option is less expensive than full tort coverage.
  • Full Tort – A driver is choosing to bypass the no-fault system, giving them the right to sue the other driver and file a claim against them in court. This option is more expensive than limited tort coverage.

In Pennsylvania, everyone is required to carry minimum liability coverage. The minimum liability coverage levels in the state are:

  • Property Damage – $5,000
  • Bodily Injury – $15,000 per person, $30,000 per accident

While insurance is required by law, 7.6 percent of Pennsylvania residents choose to drive without insurance coverage.

Also, Pennsylvania’s minimum insurance requirements are some of the lowest in the nation, which means that if you cause an accident the odds are very good that you will need more than just minimum coverage to be able to pay for damages if you are taken to court.

– Forms of Financial Responsibility

Pennsylvania requires proof of financial responsibility to register your vehicle. They also require you to carry proof of financial responsibility with you in case you are stopped by a police officer while driving. Any of the following are acceptable forms of financial responsibility:

  • An original copy of your insurance ID card.
  • An official copy of your declarations page from your insurance policy.
  • An official copy of an application for insurance to the Pennsylvania Assigned Risk Plan signed by a licensed
    insurance agent/broker.
  • An original copy of your certificate of self-insurance that was issued by PennDOT.
  • A copy of a valid binder of insurance issued by your insurance provider (who must be licensed to sell liability
    insurance in the state)
  • An original copy of a letter from the insurance carrier that verifies the proof of financial responsibility of the insured
    (must be on official company letterhead signed by an insurance agent or another authorized representative of the
    insurance company.)

– Premiums as a Percentage of Income

StatesFull Coverage
2014
Disposable
Income 2014
Insurance as %
of Income 2014
Full Coverage
2013
Disposable
Income 2013
Insurance as %
of Income 2013
Full Coverage
2012
Disposable
Income 2012
Insurance as %
of Income 2012
Maryland$1,096.37$46,875.002.34%$1,071.35$45,664.002.35%$1,056.82$46,815.002.26%
New Jersey$1,379.20$49,983.002.76%$1,369.70$47,972.002.86%$1,334.59$48,569.002.75%
New York$1,327.82$47,446.002.80%$1,301.49$45,710.002.85%$1,273.70$46,010.002.77%
Pennsylvania$950.42$42,414.002.24%$930.48$40,840.002.28%$915.83$41,020.002.23%

Your insurance premiums are affected by a variety of factors. Everything from your age to your driving record to your ZIP code can influence your rates, which sometimes makes it difficult to determine what your premiums will be as a percentage of your income.

People with poor driving records could potentially be spending 25 percent or more of their income on their coverage, whereas someone with an excellent driving record might be spending a much smaller percentage of their income on car insurance premiums.

To determine what percentage of your income is spent on car insurance, take the amount of your premium divided by your income (either gross or net) then multiply by 100.

For example, if a woman is earning $39,960 and paying $2,200.00 for insurance each year, she spends 5.5 percent of her gross income on her car insurance annually.

As she gets older, her insurance rates will change, but other factors such, as her ZIP code and credit history, will also impact her rates, which means she might not be able to predict whether her rates will go up or down in the future.

You can use our calculator below to determine the percentage of income you are spending on your car insurance.

 

– Core Coverage

Insurance Costs in Pennsylvania20152014201320122011Average
Liability$499.06$496.87$497.28$495.22$486.66$495.02
Collision$327.24$315.28$301.49$296.33$296.23$307.31
Comprehensive$144.21$138.27$131.71$124.28$121.57$132.01
Pennsylvania$970.51$950.42$930.48$915.83$904.47$934.34

While liability coverage is required in Pennsylvania, there is a lot more to insurance coverage than just liability. Insurance is about protecting all of your financial interests, so you may want to consider purchasing some or all of these coverages as well:

  • Liability insurance – Protects your financial welfare by paying for damages to the other driver’s vehicle or bodily injury claims if you are sued by another driver in an accident.
  • Uninsured motorist coverage – Sometimes referred to as UM, uninsured motorist coverage is not mandatory in Pennsylvania. Also called hit-and-run coverage, it typically covers you if you are in an accident where an uninsured driver was at fault. In a no-fault state UM coverage is not strictly necessary, but could be beneficial for you depending on your needs.
  • Collision insurance – Pays for damages to your vehicle if you are at fault in an accident, whether you hit a stationary object or someone else’s vehicle. Given that, in Pennsylvania, no matter who was at fault you have to file a claim with your insurance in the event of an accident, this coverage may be necessary to pay for any damages to your car that result from an accident.
  • Comprehensive insurance – Covers damage to your car that isn’t caused by an accident. Some things that might be covered under a comprehensive policy include hail damage, flood, and theft.

Given the unique insurance laws in Pennsylvania, each insurance company will probably have their own guidelines as to what is and is not covered under your comprehensive and collision policies (especially in the event of an accident where the other driver was at fault) so make sure you do your research when choosing an insurance provider.

– Additional Liability

When it comes to additional coverage you may want to think about the benefits of Personal Injury Protection (PIP). Despite the fact that some states require PIP coverage as part of a basic insurance plan, Pennsylvania does not have that requirement.

PIP is usually a smaller amount of coverage, sometimes in the $2,000-$3,000 range, provided to cover your most basic medical needs due to an injury during the accident.

But PIP is about your medical needs. What about the needs of the people in the other car if you are sued after an accident?

The state minimum is $15,000/$30,000 for bodily injury and $5,000 for property damage, but that is the minimum, not the maximum, for your liability coverage. You can always increase your liability levels, and given just how low the Pennsylvania requirements are, most people should give some serious thought to carrying more than the state minimum.

You can always choose to purchase more than the legal minimum of insurance. Most companies offer higher coverage levels, typically $50,000-$100,000 in property damage and $100,000-$250,000 per person/$300,000-$500,000 per accident bodily injury, for which you will pay a higher monthly premium.

In an accident, if you are lucky, the damage will be minimal and nobody will get hurt. But what if you aren’t so lucky?

You could hit someone in an expensive, new vehicle. They might have multiple passengers in the car, all of whom need medical attention. A young mother could easily have all of her children in the car, so keep that in mind when looking at that $30,000 bodily injury cap.

This is especially important for people who drive outside of the state. If you work or visit family in other states, you will find yourself in places where the laws are very different and you may be held liable for any damage you cause, and the minimums in Pennsylvania are so low you may be on the hook for extremely large car repair or hospital bills.

When you are choosing a policy, you should also consider the company’s loss ratio. Loss ratio is the amount paid out in claims by a company versus the amount of premium taken in by the company.

According to the NAIC, a loss ratio in the 60s or 70s is appropriate — it means they aren’t overcharging premium and they are regularly paying out claims to their customers. Below, you can see the average loss ratios for companies in Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania Personal Injury Protection201520142013
Pure Premium55.556.5960.2
Loss Ratio71.2170.9973.86

– Add-ons, Endorsements, and Riders

Just because you have all of the basic core coverages and higher-than-average levels of liability insurance doesn’t mean you won’t need other coverage, too. There are many types of coverage available you may need to keep yourself on solid financial ground.

  • Umbrella Policy – If you don’t think that $100,000/$300,000 in bodily injury and $100,000 in property damage (or whatever your specific insurance company has set as their maximum liability coverage) would be enough to protect your assets in a serious accident, you may want to consider an umbrella policy. Umbrella policies provide a minimum of $1,000,000 in liability coverage and include coverage for things beyond car accidents like libel and slander.
  • Rental Reimbursement – Rental reimbursement covers the cost of a rental car while your vehicle is being repaired because of an insured loss. For example, if you woke up one day and found your car had been damaged by hail comprehensive insurance would cover the cost to repair it, but rental reimbursement would cover for the cost of a rental car during repairs.
  • Roadside Assistance – If you need a tow truck or car repair on the side of the road, roadside assistance coverage can help cover the cost of those services.
  • GAP Insurance – GAP insurance covers the difference between what your insurance policy pays and the amount still owed for the car. GAP insurance can help prevent you from being forced to make payments on a totaled vehicle, but the type of GAP coverage available varies widely from company to company and state to state, so research carefully before buying.
  • Non-Owner Insurance – If you don’t own your own car but you still drive semi-regularly, you might want or need a non-owner insurance plan to provide you with third party liability coverage so you are financially protected.
  • Classic Car Insurance – The value of a classic or vintage car is often worth more than normal depreciation. If you have a classic car you will need classic car insurance to make sure your vehicle is protected at its full value.
  • Usage-Based/Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance – A device can be installed in your car or an app installed on your phone that records your driving information (speed, mileage, etc.) and reports it to your insurance company who offer you discounts based on your driving record. This has the potential for serious negative side effects though, so consider carefully before signing up.

In Pennsylvania, there are some additional coverages that you may want that aren’t necessarily available in other states, such as:

  • Funeral Benefits – This is coverage you can purchase that will help cover the cost of a funeral if you or a loved one die in a car accident. This does have a cap, but that amount will vary from company to company.
  • Income Loss – Aptly named, this coverage will pay a portion of your lost income if you are unable to work due to injuries you received in a car accident.

– Male vs. Female Rates

CompanyMarried 35-year old femaleMarried 35-year old maleMarried 60-year old femaleMarried 60-year old maleSingle 17-year old femaleSingle 17-year old maleSingle 25-year old femaleSingle 25-year old male
Allstate F&C$2,500.83$2,500.83$2,307.05$2,307.05$8,377.10$8,377.10$2,751.49$2,751.49
First Liberty Ins Corp$3,969.70$3,969.70$3,637.16$3,637.16$11,576.65$11,576.65$5,037.27$5,037.27
GEICO Cas$2,050.13$1,773.78$1,932.09$1,672.62$5,122.03$4,441.41$2,063.97$1,785.69
Nationwide P&C$1,909.07$1,909.07$1,807.43$1,807.43$5,346.15$5,346.15$2,138.83$2,138.83
Progressive Specialty$2,795.84$2,795.84$2,498.30$2,498.30$8,952.27$8,952.27$3,557.57$3,557.57
State Farm Mutual Auto$1,685.65$1,685.65$1,487.48$1,487.48$5,944.71$5,944.71$1,859.05$1,859.05
Travelers Home & Marine Ins Co$1,747.11$1,747.11$1,882.23$1,882.23$25,635.88$25,635.88$2,104.67$2,104.67
USAA$1,148.03$1,148.03$1,037.62$1,037.62$3,463.40$3,463.40$1,524.42$1,524.42

Pennsylvania is one of several states that have made it illegal for insurance companies to rate their customers by gender. They now follow a unisex rating system, so men no longer pay a higher rate for insurance.

A variety of other factors will still impact your rates, however, including your marital status and ZIP code. If you need to find a lower rate it is a good idea to get quotes from a number of insurance companies because, even with other factors working against your favor, your rate could vary by hundreds of dollars a year, depending on which insurance company you choose.

For examples of how widely insurance rates can vary, take a look at the chart of average annual rates by gender below:

CompanyDemographicAverage Annual Rate
Allstate F&CSingle 17-year old female$8,377.10
First Liberty Ins CorpSingle 17-year old female$11,576.65
GEICO CasSingle 17-year old female$5,122.03
Nationwide P&CSingle 17-year old female$5,346.15
Progressive SpecialtySingle 17-year old female$8,952.27
State Farm Mutual AutoSingle 17-year old female$5,944.71
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoSingle 17-year old female$25,635.88
USAASingle 17-year old female$3,463.40
Allstate F&CSingle 17-year old male$8,377.10
First Liberty Ins CorpSingle 17-year old male$11,576.65
GEICO CasSingle 17-year old male$4,441.41
Nationwide P&CSingle 17-year old male$5,346.15
Progressive SpecialtySingle 17-year old male$8,952.27
State Farm Mutual AutoSingle 17-year old male$5,944.71
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoSingle 17-year old male$25,635.88
USAASingle 17-year old male$3,463.40
Allstate F&CSingle 25-year old female$2,751.49
First Liberty Ins CorpSingle 25-year old female$5,037.27
GEICO CasSingle 25-year old female$2,063.97
Nationwide P&CSingle 25-year old female$2,138.83
Progressive SpecialtySingle 25-year old female$3,557.57
State Farm Mutual AutoSingle 25-year old female$1,859.05
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoSingle 25-year old female$2,104.67
USAASingle 25-year old female$1,524.42
Allstate F&CSingle 25-year old male$2,751.49
First Liberty Ins CorpSingle 25-year old male$5,037.27
GEICO CasSingle 25-year old male$1,785.69
Nationwide P&CSingle 25-year old male$2,138.83
Progressive SpecialtySingle 25-year old male$3,557.57
State Farm Mutual AutoSingle 25-year old male$1,859.05
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoSingle 25-year old male$2,104.67
USAASingle 25-year old male$1,524.42
Allstate F&CMarried 35-year old female$2,500.83
First Liberty Ins CorpMarried 35-year old female$3,969.70
GEICO CasMarried 35-year old female$2,050.13
Nationwide P&CMarried 35-year old female$1,909.07
Progressive SpecialtyMarried 35-year old female$2,795.84
State Farm Mutual AutoMarried 35-year old female$1,685.65
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoMarried 35-year old female$1,747.11
Allstate F&CMarried 35-year old male$2,500.83
First Liberty Ins CorpMarried 35-year old male$3,969.70
GEICO CasMarried 35-year old male$1,773.78
Nationwide P&CMarried 35-year old male$1,909.07
Progressive SpecialtyMarried 35-year old male$2,795.84
State Farm Mutual AutoMarried 35-year old male$1,685.65
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoMarried 35-year old male$1,747.11
Allstate F&CMarried 60-year old female$2,307.05
First Liberty Ins CorpMarried 60-year old female$3,637.16
GEICO CasMarried 60-year old female$1,932.09
Nationwide P&CMarried 60-year old female$1,807.43
Progressive SpecialtyMarried 60-year old female$2,498.30
State Farm Mutual AutoMarried 60-year old female$1,487.48
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoMarried 60-year old female$1,882.23
Allstate F&CMarried 60-year old male$2,307.05
First Liberty Ins CorpMarried 60-year old male$3,637.16
GEICO CasMarried 60-year old male$1,672.62
Nationwide P&CMarried 60-year old male$1,807.43
Progressive SpecialtyMarried 60-year old male$2,498.30
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoMarried 60-year old male$1,882.23

Please note: In the tables above, the rates are determined by actual purchased coverage by drivers in Pennsylvania. It also includes rates for high-risk drivers, as well as drivers who choose to carry higher-than-minimum levels of coverage, so these numbers may be higher than a standard insurance quote. 

– Cheapest Rates by ZIP Code

Your ZIP code is a big factor in determining your insurance rates. Everything from the number of stolen vehicles to the amount of street parking in a ZIP code helps determine what the rate for that area should be, which means that moving only a block or two could dramatically change your annual premiums if it moves you to a new ZIP code.

In Pennsylvania, the most expensive ZIP codes are all located in the city of Philadelphia.

Generally speaking, the rates in Pennsylvania are relatively low – minimal required liability combined with plenty of rural space is a combination that works to keep insurance prices affordable. Philadelphia is the exception to the normally low prices seen in the state, however, as can be seen in the table below.

Most Expensive Zip Codes in PennsylvaniaCityAverage by Zip CodeMost Expensive CompanyMost Expensive Rate2nd Most Expensive Company2nd Most Expensive RateCheapest CompanyCheapest Rate2nd Cheapest Company2nd Cheapest Rate
19104PHILADELPHIA$7,718.61Travelers$15,015.69Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$2,979.83GEICO$3,727.54
19109PHILADELPHIA$7,590.79Liberty Mutual$14,953.09Travelers$14,644.96USAA$2,802.84GEICO$3,727.54
19112PHILADELPHIA$8,120.94Travelers$15,996.78Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$3,040.28State Farm$4,159.60
19120PHILADELPHIA$7,934.92Travelers$15,270.43Liberty Mutual$11,848.69USAA$3,130.55GEICO$5,059.59
19121PHILADELPHIA$8,402.97Travelers$15,667.55Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$2,979.83Nationwide$5,103.03
19122PHILADELPHIA$8,251.79Travelers$15,965.31Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$2,977.25GEICO$5,059.59
19124PHILADELPHIA$7,839.78Travelers$15,192.97Liberty Mutual$11,848.69USAA$3,170.44GEICO$5,059.59
19125PHILADELPHIA$7,867.88Travelers$15,280.25Liberty Mutual$13,185.12USAA$2,977.25GEICO$5,059.59
19126PHILADELPHIA$7,875.75Travelers$15,023.64Liberty Mutual$11,848.69USAA$3,132.85State Farm$4,926.72
19131PHILADELPHIA$7,711.11Travelers$15,520.29Liberty Mutual$11,848.69USAA$2,979.83State Farm$5,173.58
19132PHILADELPHIA$8,485.99Travelers$16,434.31Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$2,979.83State Farm$5,345.97
19133PHILADELPHIA$8,527.54Travelers$16,347.78Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$3,130.55Nationwide$5,516.08
19134PHILADELPHIA$7,792.20Travelers$15,369.32Liberty Mutual$13,185.12USAA$3,130.55State Farm$5,003.80
19138PHILADELPHIA$7,813.73Travelers$15,422.93Liberty Mutual$11,848.69USAA$3,018.01State Farm$4,962.95
19139PHILADELPHIA$8,431.95Travelers$15,900.83Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$3,067.37GEICO$5,332.66
19140PHILADELPHIA$8,482.06Travelers$15,656.34Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$3,130.55Nationwide$5,531.40
19141PHILADELPHIA$7,951.26Travelers$15,628.00Liberty Mutual$11,848.69USAA$3,168.09State Farm$5,393.39
19142PHILADELPHIA$8,438.04Travelers$16,063.64Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$3,118.87GEICO$5,402.37
19143PHILADELPHIA$8,335.24Travelers$15,329.68Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$3,040.28GEICO$5,332.66
19144PHILADELPHIA$7,532.62Travelers$15,516.37Liberty Mutual$11,848.69USAA$2,864.58GEICO$4,546.01
19145PHILADELPHIA$7,875.23Travelers$15,797.70Liberty Mutual$13,185.12USAA$3,040.28State Farm$4,614.78
19147PHILADELPHIA$7,504.11Travelers$15,857.48Liberty Mutual$13,185.12USAA$3,040.28GEICO$3,727.54
19148PHILADELPHIA$7,551.17Travelers$16,231.94Liberty Mutual$13,185.12USAA$3,040.28GEICO$3,727.54
19153PHILADELPHIA$7,809.79Travelers$15,950.73Liberty Mutual$13,185.12USAA$3,040.28Nationwide$4,431.54
19190PHILADELPHIA$7,619.01Travelers$15,996.78Liberty Mutual$14,953.09USAA$2,684.13GEICO$3,727.54

At the other end of the spectrum, rates in ZIP codes in cities like Bellefonte and Mifflinburg are some of the lowest in the state, coming in almost $1,000 a year less than the state average. Take a look at the table below to see which ZIP codes have the lowest insurance premiums in Pennsylvania:

Least Expensive Zip Codes in PennsylvaniaCityAverage by Zip CodesMost Expensive CompanyMost Expensive Rate2nd Most Expensive Company2nd Most Expensive RateCheapest CompanyCheapest Rate2nd Cheapest Company2nd Cheapest Rate
16801STATE COLLEGE$3,156.82Travelers$6,027.64Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
16802UNIVERSITY PARK$3,211.08Travelers$6,155.13Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
16803STATE COLLEGE$3,205.35Travelers$6,206.11Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
16823BELLEFONTE$3,116.01Travelers$5,623.33Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
16826BLANCHARD$3,242.81Travelers$5,623.33Liberty Mutual$5,301.56USAA$1,385.22State Farm$2,062.44
16827BOALSBURG$3,288.82Travelers$6,427.94Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
16828CENTRE HALL$3,207.80Travelers$5,600.96Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72State Farm$1,979.70
16870PORT MATILDA$3,212.75Travelers$5,804.33Liberty Mutual$5,301.56USAA$1,385.22GEICO$1,816.07
16875SPRING MILLS$3,298.88Travelers$5,708.01Liberty Mutual$5,301.56USAA$1,384.72State Farm$2,096.21
17007BOILING SPRINGS$3,282.20Travelers$6,303.42Liberty Mutual$4,801.54USAA$1,561.08GEICO$1,897.92
17013CARLISLE$3,217.12Travelers$6,210.08Liberty Mutual$4,364.46USAA$1,561.10GEICO$1,897.92
17015CARLISLE$3,217.18Travelers$6,210.08Liberty Mutual$4,364.46USAA$1,561.10GEICO$1,897.92
17050MECHANICSBURG$3,290.99Travelers$6,645.72Liberty Mutual$4,364.46USAA$1,561.19GEICO$1,897.92
17055MECHANICSBURG$3,291.15Travelers$6,761.33Liberty Mutual$4,364.46USAA$1,561.19GEICO$1,897.92
17065MOUNT HOLLY SPRINGS$3,237.78Travelers$6,004.88Liberty Mutual$4,801.54USAA$1,561.08GEICO$1,897.92
17241NEWVILLE$3,288.08Travelers$6,018.29Liberty Mutual$4,801.54USAA$1,561.11GEICO$1,897.92
17266WALNUT BOTTOM$3,264.01Travelers$6,163.01Liberty Mutual$4,801.54USAA$1,561.11GEICO$1,897.92
17324GARDNERS$3,275.34Travelers$5,874.51Liberty Mutual$4,801.54USAA$1,561.11GEICO$2,153.91
17343MC KNIGHTSTOWN$3,275.41Travelers$5,709.54Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,540.87GEICO$2,153.91
17837LEWISBURG$3,223.56Travelers$5,861.05Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,467.86GEICO$2,051.84
17842MIDDLEBURG$3,243.72Travelers$5,719.63Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,467.86GEICO$2,051.84
17844MIFFLINBURG$3,205.40Travelers$5,668.37Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,467.86GEICO$2,051.84
17870SELINSGROVE$3,301.85Travelers$6,493.74Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,467.86GEICO$2,051.84
17887WHITE DEER$3,263.23Travelers$6,414.92Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,467.86State Farm$2,038.07
17889WINFIELD$3,300.90Travelers$6,327.37Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,467.86GEICO$2,051.84

– Cheapest Rates by City

Much like your ZIP code, your city can have a significant impact on your insurance rates. Many of the most expensive ZIP codes are located directly adjacent to or within the city of Philadelphia, as can be seen in the table below:

Most Expensive Cities in PennsylvaniaAverage by CityMost Expensive CompanyMost Expensive Rate2nd Most Expensive Company2nd Most Expensive RateCheapest CompanyCheapest Rate2nd Cheapest Company2nd Cheapest Rate
Philadelphia$7,482.34Travelers$15,126.36Liberty Mutual$12,538.89USAA$2,954.06GEICO$4,621.12
Sharon Hill$6,392.50Travelers$13,460.15Liberty Mutual$8,630.14USAA$2,363.32Nationwide$4,102.98
East Lansdowne$6,347.36Travelers$12,468.46Liberty Mutual$8,630.14USAA$2,511.37Nationwide$4,210.51
Collingdale$6,270.41Travelers$12,886.09Liberty Mutual$8,630.14USAA$2,511.37Nationwide$4,212.45
Millbourne$6,231.76Travelers$12,160.58Liberty Mutual$8,630.14USAA$2,207.63Nationwide$4,241.54
Bensalem$5,764.41Travelers$12,296.07Liberty Mutual$8,344.78USAA$1,908.22GEICO$3,568.65
Cheltenham$5,733.79Travelers$12,436.54Liberty Mutual$7,629.84USAA$2,456.44Nationwide$3,835.72
Elkins Park$5,727.39Travelers$12,174.44Liberty Mutual$7,629.84USAA$2,154.94Nationwide$3,745.21
Chester$5,723.20Travelers$12,415.25Liberty Mutual$8,630.14USAA$2,363.32GEICO$3,596.36
Glenolden$5,720.42Travelers$12,887.96Liberty Mutual$8,630.14USAA$2,395.86State Farm$3,491.05

Among the least expensive cities are Bellefonte, Houserville, Park Forest Village, Mifflinburg, and Centre Hall. These are all located in the center of the state, away from the larger cities of Harrisburg, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh.

Least Expensive Cities in PennsylvaniaAverage by CityMost Expensive CompanyMost Expensive Rate2nd Most Expensive Company2nd Most Expensive RateCheapest CompanyCheapest Rate2nd Cheapest Company2nd Cheapest Rate
Bellefonte$3,116.01Travelers$5,623.33Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
Houserville$3,156.81Travelers$6,027.64Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
Park Forest Village$3,205.35Travelers$6,206.11Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
Mifflinburg$3,205.40Travelers$5,668.37Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,467.86GEICO$2,051.84
Centre Hall$3,207.80Travelers$5,600.96Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72State Farm$1,979.70
University Park$3,211.08Travelers$6,155.13Liberty Mutual$4,826.44USAA$1,384.72GEICO$1,816.07
Port Matilda$3,212.75Travelers$5,804.33Liberty Mutual$5,301.56USAA$1,385.22GEICO$1,816.07
Carlisle$3,217.14Travelers$6,210.08Liberty Mutual$4,364.46USAA$1,561.10GEICO$1,897.92
Lewisburg$3,223.56Travelers$5,861.05Liberty Mutual$4,835.16USAA$1,467.86GEICO$2,051.84
Mount Holly Springs$3,237.78Travelers$6,004.88Liberty Mutual$4,801.54USAA$1,561.08GEICO$1,897.92

Best Pennsylvania Car Insurance Companies

Choosing the best car insurance company to meet your needs can be difficult. A few companies may offer a wider variety of options, while others might provide more robust coverage, and still, others might provide more affordable options. How do you choose which company is right for you?

There are many things beyond price that you should consider when choosing an insurance policy. Below are a few of the points you might want to consider when choosing a policy:

– The Largest Companies Financial Rating

One of the ways you can determine if an insurance company is right for you is by its financial rating. Organizations like A.M. Best rate each insurance company based on their financial stability.

What is financial stability? Financial stability is whether a company has the financial assets needed to pay out claims over the course of the year.

While financial stability is important, it shouldn’t be the only information guiding your choice of insurance provider. Just because a company has excellent financial ratings doesn’t mean their customers are happy with their service or that they offer a plan that meets your needs.

It also doesn’t guarantee their rates are better (or worse) than any other company, so this is just one of many things to consider when choosing an insurance company.

– Companies with Best Ratings

Geico, State Farm, Travelers, and USAA are the companies with the highest A.M. Best ratings in Pennsylvania, but all of the insurance companies on the table below scored very highly on the A.M. Best scale.

Insurance companies with an A rating or above are typically very financially stable, making them an excellent choice for people who are concerned about a company’s ability to pay claims. A top-notch financial rating isn’t the only thing you should consider, but it is one of the many factors you should think about when choosing an insurance provider.

CompanyAM Best Rating
Allstate F&CA+
First Liberty Ins CorpA
GEICO CasA++
Nationwide P&CA+
Progressive SpecialtyA+
State Farm Mutual AutoA++
Travelers Home & Marine Ins CoA++
USAAA++

According to J.D. Power,  the companies with the highest customer satisfaction rating in the area are Erie Insurance, Geico, and The Hartford. Allstate and Liberty Mutual came in at the bottom of the list. USAA is only available to military members and their families, so they were not included in the rating system.

Please note: On the table above there were some companies who did not have complaint information available and were therefore unable to be included in the chart.

– Companies with Most Complaints in Pennsylvania

All across the country, consumers are encouraged to report insurance company complaints to the Attorney General’s office. But how can you tell if your problem warrants making an official claim?

The NAIC can provide guidance. They have apps for both Android and iPhone that can walk you through the steps to take after an accident, up to and including filing a report with the state.

If you have questions you can always contact the Attorney General’s consumer protection line at 800-441-2555 and ask for assistance. You can also find their email, fax, and mailing address on the Pennsylvania Attorney General’s website.

CompanyConsumer ComplaintsExposureComplaint Ratio
Allstate F&C352801160.012
GEICO Cas807683750.01
Nationwide P&C1171580.006
Progressive Specialty364121470.009
State Farm Mutual Auto838907300.009
Travelers Home & Marine Ins Co3745030.004

– Cheapest Companies in Pennsylvania

Below is a chart of some of the largest insurance companies in Pennsylvania and their average annual rates.

CompanyAverageCompared to State Average 
Allstate F&C$3,984.12-$50.37-1.26%
GEICO Cas$2,605.22-$1,429.28-54.86%
First Liberty Ins Corp$6,055.19$2,020.7033.37%
Nationwide P&C$2,800.37-$1,234.13-44.07%
Progressive Specialty$4,451.00$416.509.36%
State Farm Mutual Auto$2,744.22-$1,290.27-47.02%
Travelers Home & Marine Ins Co$7,842.47$3,807.9848.56%
USAA$1,793.37-$2,241.13-124.97%

While rates are important, they are only one of the many factors you should consider when choosing your plan. Any policy you choose must have the benefits you need, so check each policy carefully and make sure you understand what is covered (and what isn’t covered) before you accept it.

Also, it is important to be aware that not every policy is available to every person. USAA, for example, is only available to members of the U.S. military and their families, which means you might not be able to sign up through USAA, even though they typically have the lowest prices.

– Commute Rates by Companies

How far you commute can have a significant impact on your insurance rates. Typically, companies break up their commute rates into mileage categories, such as 10-mile commute/6,000 annual mileage or 25-mile commute/12,000 annual mileage.

The more time you spend on the road each day, the more likely you are to be in an accident and have to file a claim; therefore, you will probably pay a higher premium for your policy.

GroupCommute_And_Annual_MileageAnnual Average
Allstate25 miles commute. 12000 annual mileage.$4,064.08
Allstate10 miles commute. 6000 annual mileage.$3,904.16
GEICO25 miles commute. 12000 annual mileage.$2,647.62
GEICO10 miles commute. 6000 annual mileage.$2,562.81
Liberty Mutual25 miles commute. 12000 annual mileage.$6,210.14
Liberty Mutual10 miles commute. 6000 annual mileage.$5,900.24
Nationwide10 miles commute. 6000 annual mileage.$2,800.37
Nationwide25 miles commute. 12000 annual mileage.$2,800.37
Progressive10 miles commute. 6000 annual mileage.$4,451.00
Progressive25 miles commute. 12000 annual mileage.$4,451.00
State Farm25 miles commute. 12000 annual mileage.$2,826.63
State Farm10 miles commute. 6000 annual mileage.$2,661.82
Travelers10 miles commute. 6000 annual mileage.$7,842.47
Travelers25 miles commute. 12000 annual mileage.$7,842.47
USAA25 miles commute. 12000 annual mileage.$1,844.59
USAA10 miles commute. 6000 annual mileage.$1,742.14

– Coverage Level Rates by Companies

Because there are so many coverage options to choose from when selecting an insurance plan, the price of your insurance can vary wildly depending on what choices you make.

Your lifestyle has a big impact on your comprehensive and collision insurance prices. Driving an eight-year-old Nissan? Your comprehensive and collision coverage will probably be much more affordable than if you were driving a brand new BMW.

Take a look at the table below to see how your coverage choices can impact your rates at each company.

GroupCoverage_TypeAnnual Average
AllstateLow$3,794.20
AllstateMedium$4,010.08
AllstateHigh$4,148.08
GEICOLow$2,375.50
GEICOMedium$2,629.30
GEICOHigh$2,810.85
Liberty MutualLow$5,760.21
Liberty MutualMedium$6,098.96
Liberty MutualHigh$6,306.41
NationwideHigh$2,751.91
NationwideLow$2,813.46
NationwideMedium$2,835.74
ProgressiveLow$4,058.80
ProgressiveMedium$4,484.26
ProgressiveHigh$4,809.93
State FarmLow$2,566.42
State FarmMedium$2,780.67
State FarmHigh$2,885.58
TravelersHigh$7,782.26
TravelersMedium$7,848.30
TravelersLow$7,896.86
USAALow$1,662.36
USAAMedium$1,810.30
USAAHigh$1,907.44

– Credit History Rates by Companies

Though it isn’t something many people would think about when choosing an insurance policy, one of the factors in your insurance rate is your credit history.

Statistics have shown that people with lower credit scores are more likely to file a claim, which means a low credit score can raise your rates, or possibly even be reason enough to deny you coverage, depending on the circumstances.

If your credit rating is low it doesn’t mean you’re out of luck. You can always comparison shop between companies, potentially saving yourself hundreds of dollars a year. You can also work to improve your credit rating to help lower your insurance costs over time.

Take a look at the table below to see how your credit history may impact your insurance rates.

GroupCredit_HistoryAnnual Average
AllstatePoor$5,093.72
AllstateFair$3,798.36
AllstateGood$3,060.28
GEICOPoor$3,911.48
GEICOFair$2,202.65
GEICOGood$1,701.51
Liberty MutualPoor$7,727.18
Liberty MutualFair$5,542.86
Liberty MutualGood$4,895.54
NationwidePoor$3,287.49
NationwideFair$2,701.68
NationwideGood$2,411.94
ProgressivePoor$5,897.08
ProgressiveFair$4,136.56
ProgressiveGood$3,319.35
State FarmPoor$3,904.98
State FarmFair$2,418.55
State FarmGood$1,909.14
TravelersPoor$8,534.70
TravelersFair$7,710.22
TravelersGood$7,282.50
USAAPoor$2,241.67
USAAFair$1,664.45
USAAGood$1,473.98

– Driving Record Rates by Companies

Your driving record can have a significant impact on your insurance premiums, so driving safely is an excellent way to help keep your insurance cost low.

A traffic ticket or a minor accident may only cost you a small amount initially, but the infraction will be reported to your insurance company and will probably cause a rate increase, so keep that in mind when you are rushing through traffic because you’re late to work.

Speeding tickets and other minor offenses may not seem like a big deal now, but they will show up as points on your license and on your insurance premiums in the future. Obeying traffic laws and driving carefully is an effective way to keep your insurance costs low.

GroupDriving_RecordAnnual Average
AllstateWith 1 accident$4,497.16
AllstateClean record$3,813.11
AllstateWith 1 DUI$3,813.11
AllstateWith 1 speeding violation$3,813.11
GEICOWith 1 accident$3,282.78
GEICOWith 1 speeding violation$2,653.35
GEICOWith 1 DUI$2,568.60
GEICOClean record$1,916.13
Liberty MutualWith 1 accident$6,328.15
Liberty MutualWith 1 DUI$6,183.64
Liberty MutualWith 1 speeding violation$6,183.64
Liberty MutualClean record$5,525.34
NationwideWith 1 DUI$3,769.26
NationwideWith 1 speeding violation$2,707.29
NationwideWith 1 accident$2,703.02
NationwideClean record$2,021.90
ProgressiveWith 1 accident$5,570.34
ProgressiveWith 1 DUI$4,153.94
ProgressiveWith 1 speeding violation$4,045.00
ProgressiveClean record$4,034.71
State FarmWith 1 accident$2,976.14
State FarmWith 1 DUI$2,744.22
State FarmWith 1 speeding violation$2,744.22
State FarmClean record$2,512.31
TravelersWith 1 DUI$9,974.88
TravelersWith 1 accident$7,914.42
TravelersWith 1 speeding violation$7,914.42
TravelersClean record$5,566.16
USAAWith 1 DUI$2,126.01
USAAWith 1 accident$1,992.43
USAAWith 1 speeding violation$1,612.21
USAAClean record$1,442.82

– Largest Car Insurance Companies in Pennsylvania

While size isn’t everything, choosing a larger company with a national presence and offices all over Pennsylvania can be a good way to feel confident that you’ll be able to find someone to help you if you have to file a claim.

Recommendations from other customers are also easier to find with larger companies, so you may find that the larger a company’s customer base, the more people you know who can tell you what it is like to be their customer.

Below are some of the largest insurance companies in Pennsylvania.

Company Group/group/code Company NameDirect Premiums WrittenLoss RatioMarket Share
Allstate Insurance Group$998,91955.64%11.42%
Erie Insurance Group$1,153,85664.93%13.19%
Farmers Insurance Group$192,16274.14%2.20%
GEICO$706,89774.24%8.08%
Liberty Mutual Group$424,10661.06%4.85%
Nationwide Corp Group$786,10959.96%8.99%
Progressive Group$875,57958.55%10.01%
State Farm Group$1,779,91563.70%20.35%
Travelers Group$335,96362.41%3.84%
USAA Group$299,48872.05%3.42%
**state Total**$8,745,38662.98%100.00%

– Number of Insurers in Pennsylvania

StateDomestic Insurance CompaniesForeign Insurance Companies
New Jersey66778
New York173709
Pennsylvania166929

Pennsylvania has 166 domestic insurance companies, meaning these companies not only do business in Pennsylvania but also have their headquarters in the state.

There are 929 foreign insurance companies doing business in the state of Pennsylvania. This doesn’t mean they are headquartered in another country, however, just that their headquarters are in another state.

These numbers don’t include alternative insurance options, such as people who are self-insured or people who are insured through a charter program.

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Pennsylvania Laws

Each state has its own unique insurance and traffic laws, rules, and regulations. What is legal in one state might be illegal in another, while something unacceptable in Pennsylvania could be perfectly normal somewhere else, so don’t assume that because you know the laws in Texas you won’t break a law in Pennsylvania.

– Car Insurance Laws

Knowing the laws in your state is an important part of living and driving pretty much anywhere in the nation, but it is especially true in Pennsylvania. For example, you know that Pennsylvania is a no-fault state, so why do you need liability insurance if you aren’t financially responsible?

You need liability insurance for two reasons. First, there are situations where you can be held liable for other people’s injuries and property damage. Second, because of the concept of subrogation.

Subrogation is hard to explain, so let’s use an example. If you were at fault in an accident and the other driver ended up in the hospital, under the no-fault laws of Pennsylvania their insurance would pay for their medical needs.

However, if they have no insurance or if their injuries were paid by a federal medical policy or an HMO, those companies would have a right to take you and your insurance company to court and demand their money back.

Subrogation in Pennsylvania is tricky, but it is possible to find yourself on the hook for someone else’s bills in an at-fault accident, even if the law is set up to make that more difficult in Pennsylvania than it is in other states. This is one of the reasons why it is so important to know the laws in your state.

– How Pennsylvania Laws for Insurance are Determined

Insurance laws in Pennsylvania are created the same way all other laws are created – through a legislative process. The laws are created by legislators, written by legal experts, put through a rigorous peer-review process, and reviewed in a three-day consideration in the house before it moves to the senate.

– Windshield Coverage

Pennsylvania does not have any laws specific to windshield replacement.

Your insurance company cannot require you to use specific repair shops when you file a claim and there are no laws one way or the other in relation to aftermarket glass being used in windshield replacements.

– High-Risk Insurance

If you have enough points on your record (tickets, accidents, or DUI convictions) insurance companies may consider you uninsurable. But Pennsylvania requires all drivers to have liability insurance, so how can you follow the law?

If you can’t find an insurance company who will accept your business, you can reach out to the Pennsylvania Assigned Risk Plan for assistance. You can sign up for coverage through the organization and they will assign your policy to a carrier in the state. All insurance companies are required to participate in the ARP plan to be allowed to sell insurance in Pennsylvania.

Just because they have to sell you insurance doesn’t mean it has to be cheap, so be prepared for that when you apply.

While there is high-risk insurance in Pennsylvania, the state does not require an SR-22 in the aftermath of a DUI.

– Low-Cost Insurance

At this time there are no obvious discounts available specifically for Pennsylvania residents on Medicare or Medicaid. Unfortunately, this means people in those programs will have to pay the full price for their auto insurance. Luckily, there are lots of discounts available with almost every insurance company, so you may still be able to reduce your insurance costs.

Most companies offer standard discounts, such as discounts for a good driving record or discounts for people who have multiple lines of insurance through the company, but the discounts usually don’t end there.

Many insurers also give occupational discounts to nurses, teachers, active military, and some other groups. Some insurers give discounts to students with a good GPA. Some even offer discounts to the employees of certain companies as an employee benefit, so check with your HR department to see if they offer car insurance discounts in your benefits package.

– Automobile Insurance Fraud in Pennsylvania

StateInsurance Fraud Classified as a Crime?Immunity StatutesFraud BureauMandatory Insurer Fraud PlanMandatory Auto Photo Inspection
New JerseyYesYesYes, with AGYesYes
New YorkYesYesYesYesYes
PennsylvaniaYesYesYes, with AGYesNo

Insurance fraud isn’t just limited to filing a fake claim. Filing false paperwork, agents pocketing your premium payments, or even conspiring to help someone else file a false claim are all various forms of insurance fraud.

Purposely damaging your property to file a claim or exaggerating the damage in a claim to increase your payout are also types of insurance fraud, which means if you’re caught knowingly setting your car on fire or photoshopping damages that aren’t there to file a claim, you will face severe penalties.

Every state is different, but if you are convicted of insurance fraud in Pennsylvania you could spend anywhere from five to seven years in prison and pay $10,000 to $15,000 per offense, so the penalties for insurance fraud are incredibly high.

Insurance companies take insurance fraud very seriously, so be sure to follow the law when it comes to buying insurance and filing claims. At the same time, if you think your insurance company is fraudulently denying your claim be sure to reach out to the Attorney General for assistance.

– Statute of Limitations

The law in Pennsylvania states that you have two years to resolve your claims or file a lawsuit over bodily injury or property damage in a car accident. Beyond the two year mark, you are beyond the statute of limitations and your claim is uncollectible.

Almost every case that can be taken to court will run into a statute of limitations, so if you have an insurance issue that needs to go through the court system, make sure you keep track of the statute of limitations so you don’t lose your ability to collect on a valid claims.

– Pennsylvania Specific Laws

While many laws are the same from state to state, every state also has its own unique laws and Pennsylvania is no exception. For example, you must yield to pedestrians in a crosswalk, but if you see a blind or partially blind pedestrian (as evidenced by the presence of a white cane or guide dog) you must slow down or stop even if they are not specifically in the crosswalk.

Make sure you know the local laws to prevent an unnecessary ticket.

– Vehicle Licensing Laws

Every state has similar, yet slightly different requirements for getting your driver’s license. There are even differences in the process from person to person within each state, with different requirements for new drivers, experienced drivers who are new state residents, and senior citizens.

If you are getting your license for the first time, or even just renewing or updating your license, you’ll need to make sure you follow all of Pennsylvania’s rules and regulations.

– REAL ID

The REAL ID Act is a federal law that is being implemented as an anti-terrorism measure. REAL IDs are much more secure, increasing the likelihood that someone’s ID matches their identity. Your ID will need to be compliant by October 2020, so don’t wait to update your ID.

Pennsylvania is compliant with the REAL ID Act, which means that your Pennsylvania REAL ID allows you to board commercial airplanes for interstate travel and enter federal buildings and facilities. If you want to make sure your license is REAL ID compliant, you can check the top right corner for a gold star.

– Penalties for Driving Without Insurance

There are consequences for driving without insurance in Pennsylvania, such as:

  • Your registration will be suspended for three months (unless lapse was for less than 31 days and you did not drive during that time)
  • $88 restoration fee plus proof of insurance required to get it reinstated
  • Potential $500 civil penalty fee in lieu of registration suspension plus $88 restoration fee (this can only be done once within a 12-month period)

– Teen Driver Laws

Pennsylvania has graduated laws for teen drivers, which means they begin driving with a learner’s permit and work their way up to a full license after many hours of practice.

In Pennsylvania, a teenager may get their learner’s permit at 16. Then they are required to log at least 65 hours of driving, at least 10 of which must be at night and five of which must be in inclement weather. There are other restrictions listed in the chart below:

Minimum entry ageMandatory holding periodMinimum amount of supervised drivingMinimum ageUnsupervised driving prohibitedRestriction on passengers (family members excepted unless otherwise noted)Nighttime restrictionsPassenger restrictions
166 months65 hours, 10 of which must be at night and 5 of which must be in inclement weather16, 6 months11 p.m.-5 a.m.first 6 months— no more than 1 passenger younger than 18; thereafter, no more than 3 passengers12 months and age 17 if completed driver education or age 18 (min. age: 17)12 months and age 17 if completed driver education or age 18 (min. age: 17)

– Older Driver License Renewal Procedures

In Pennsylvania, license renewal is required every four years for the general population, with seniors over 65 given the choice to renew their license every two or four years.

In addition, each month the state selects random drivers over the age of 45 for retesting seven months prior to the date of their driver’s license renewal.

Each selected driver is required to undergo vision and physical examinations at their doctor’s office. If the visual or medical tests indicate that additional testing might be necessary, the state may require you to retake the road test or knowledge test.

– New Residents

New Pennsylvania residents with an out-of-state driver’s license must obtain an in-state license within 60 days of residency. To apply for your new license you must appear in person at a driver’s license center. To get your new license you must:

  • Surrender your out-of-state license
  • Pass a vision screening test
  • Complete form DL-180R/Application for Non-Commercial License by Out-Of-State Driver
  • Show proof of residency and proof of identification along with your Social Security Card
  • Pay any required fees

– License renewal procedures

In Pennsylvania, your license expires the day after your birthday every four years (or two, for senior citizens who have opted for shorter renewal periods.)

The state will mail you an invitation to renew your license. Then you will be required to return the application along with a check or money order (credit and debit are not accepted forms of payment) and you will be sent a camera card in the mail. You can then take the card to any photo center along with your ID and they can provide you with a digitized driver’s license.

– Negligent Operator Treatment System (NOTS)

In Pennsylvania, you will face a 90 day suspension the first time you accumulate six points or more on your license. If you get your license reinstated and then you reach six points or more a second time, you will face a suspension of 120 days.

If you are over 18, the first time you accumulate six points or more you will be required to take a special written exam that will test your knowledge of safe driving practices, traffic sanctions, and other issues. If you pass the exam within 30 days, two points will be deducted from your point total.

The second time you accumulate six points, you will be required to attend a hearing where they will review your record and recommend either a 15-day suspension or a special driver’s exam to take two points off your total.

If you earn 11 points or more you will be faced with the following suspension schedule:

  • First suspension – 5 days/point
  • Second suspension – 10 days/point
  • Third suspension – 15 days/point
  • Additional suspensions – 1 year

– Rules of the Road

When it comes to the laws and regulations regarding driving and car insurance, the majority of them are determined by the state. Everything from speed limits to keeping right on the highway is specific to Pennsylvania.

Because of this, you can’t simply assume that knowing the laws in one state means you’re following the law in Pennsylvania.

To keep yourself safe and prevent tickets and accidents, make sure you follow the traffic laws in Pennsylvania.

– Fault vs. No-Fault

Pennsylvania is a “choice” no-fault state, which means you are given the choice between limited tort and full tort coverage. This will impact your premium, as well as what options you have for payment and compensation when you are in an accident.

In a no-fault state, you would turn to your own insurance coverage for compensation in an accident unless your injuries cross a certain threshold. Pennsylvania’s choice model allows you to pay more for full tort coverage and upgrade your coverage to at-fault, giving you the legal right to pursue financial compensation from a driver who was at fault in an accident.

– Seat belt and car seat laws

Initial effective datePrimary enforcement?Who is covered? In what seats?Maximum base fine 1st offense, additional fees may applyMust be in child safety seatAdult belt permissibleMaximum base fine 1st offense, additional fees may applyPreference for rear seat
11/23/87no (yes for children18+ years in front seat$108 through 17 years in all seats$75law states no preference for rear seat

Pennsylvania is a primary enforcement state, which means that police officers can pull you over and issue a ticket if they see you driving without a seat belt. If they pull you over for another violation, you can be given a second ticket for not wearing a seat belt in addition to your primary citation.

Drivers and front seat passengers are required to wear a seat belt. While back seat passengers over the age of 18 are not required to wear them, it is still safer to wear a seat belt when in a vehicle.

Under Pennsylvania’s primary child passenger safety law:

  • Children four and under must be in an approved child safety seat
  • Children two and under must be secured in a rear-facing car seat
  • Children age four to eight must be secured in a booster seat

Unlike most states, Pennsylvania does not have any specific height or weight requirements for children in safety seats. The state requires that you adhere to the requirements set forth by the safety seat manufacturer.

– Keep Right and Move Over Laws

The law in Pennsylvania is to keep to the right, but there are several exceptions to this rule.

For example, drivers who are passing other people in traffic or turning left are permitted to travel in the left lane. Other exceptions include when emergency vehicles are parked on the right side of the road or if the right lane has an obstruction of any kind.

Pennsylvania state law also requires drivers who are approaching an emergency vehicle, tow truck, or utility vehicle providing necessary services to move over and give at least a full lane of space between your vehicle and the emergency vehicle if at all possible.

If you cannot provide a full lane of space, you are required to slow down to a safe speed when passing vehicles providing emergency services on the roads.

– Speed Limits

StateRural interstates (mph)Urban interstates (mph)Other limited access roads (mph)Other roads (mph)
New Jersey65556555
New York65656555
Pennsylvania70707055

Speed limits in Pennsylvania vary, just like any other state. Residential areas will have a different speed limit than major roads, and for good reason – speed limits are there to help keep people safe.

In addition to the speed limits shown in the chart above, urban districts in Pennsylvania have a speed limit of 35 miles per hour, while residential areas have a speed limit of 25 miles per hour.

– Ridesharing

Pennsylvania has had laws on the books regarding ridesharing since 1982, so they already had some legal structures in place when ridesharing exploded in popularity a few years ago.

In 2016, the state created Act 164, which updated and established laws regarding license and insurance requirements, transportation networks, operating regulations, and much more regarding taxi cabs and rideshare services.

Drivers for rideshare companies can find insurance specific to their needs at a number of different companies, so it is a good idea to look at all of your coverage options before making a decision.

– Automation on the Road

Pennsylvania is at the forefront of self-driving or highly automated vehicles, otherwise known as HAVs, which isn’t surprising when you think about all the other firsts the state has been home to over the years. In fact, Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania is known as the birthplace of the self-driving vehicle.

Pennsylvania Department of Transportation has deployed Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) Roadside Units (RSUs), which are vital to the necessary infrastructure to allow HAVs to function on the roads. They have also led the nation in the efforts to develop uniform measurements, standards, and practices for HAVs.

– Safety Laws

Much like every other state, Pennsylvania has put rules and laws in place to keep people safe while on the road. Whether it is a law about texting while driving or school buses stopping at the railroad tracks while crafting new laws they are doing their best to put the lives of citizens of the state first.

Understandably, laws must change over time. This means that just because something was legal a few years ago doesn’t mean it is still legal now.

Just the opposite, things that were illegal five or six years ago might be legal today, research carefully when it comes to learning driving safety laws.

– DUI Laws

In 2003, Pennsylvania passed Act 24, which lowered the legal Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) for drivers from .10 to .08. The law also created a tiered approach to BAC levels:

  • General Impairment – .08 to .099 BAC
  • High BAC – .10 to .159 BAC
  • Highest BAC – .16 and higher

If you test at the general impairment level and you have no previous DUIs, you will be faced with the possibility of six months probation, a $300 fine, treatment for alcohol abuse, or other penalties.

If you do have a previous DUI, the penalties quickly become more severe, with a one-year license suspension, one year required ignition interlock device, up to six months of jail time, and up to $2,500 in fines.

The high BAC level will earn someone with no prior DUIs up to six months jail time, up to $5,000 in fines, and a year with an ignition interlock device. One or more DUIs at this level can get your license suspended for a year, a sentence of up to five years in jail, and fines of up to $10,000.

At the highest BAC level, someone with no prior DUIs would face a suspended license, up to six months in prison, and a $5,000 fine. One ore more DUIs at this level will earn you an 18-month license suspension, up to $10,000 in fines, up to five years in prison, and at least a year with an ignition interlock system.

– Marijuana-Impaired Driving Laws

In Pennsylvania, you can be charged with DUID, or Driving Under the Influence of Drugs, if you are found driving with more than 1 nanometer of THC (or its metabolites) in your blood.

Pennsylvania actually has a Per Se DUID law when it comes to marijuana use, which means that prosecutors don’t have to show that your driving was impaired, just that you tested positive for the drug.

Pennsylvania has some of the strictest laws in the nation when it comes to driving drugged, and refusing testing gives the police the right to automatically suspend your license for up to 18 months, so keep that in mind if you are a recreational or medical marijuana user.

– Distracted Driving Laws

StateHand-held banYoung drivers all cellphone banTexting banEnforcement
New Jerseyall driverslearner's permit and intermediate license holdersall driversprimary
New Yorkall driversnoall driversprimary
Pennsylvanianonoall driversprimary

Texting, eating, putting on makeup, adjusting your GPS, and talking on the phone are just some of the ways drivers allow themselves to be distracted on the road.

According to the CDC, there are three types of distracted driving:

  • Visual – causing you to take your eyes off the road
  • Manual – causing you to take your hands off the wheel
  • Cognitive – causing you to take your mind off of driving

Texting is the most dangerous form of distracted driving because it combines all three types of distracted driving.

In Pennsylvania, there is a ban on texting while driving, so if you are caught the penalty is a $50 fine. You won’t earn any points on your license, but it will be recorded as a non-sanction violation if you are a commercial driver.

A GPS device does not count as a handheld device for the purposes of this law, and it does not authorize the seizure of your phone or other communication device.

Driving Safely in Pennsylvania

Driving is necessary for most people across the country, but it is also one of the most dangerous things the average person does on a daily basis. Nationally, there are more than 30,000 car accidents a year, causing almost 25,000 fatalities and more than two million injuries from coast to coast.

One of the best ways to help keep yourself and your loved ones safe on the road is to be aware of the dangers that go along with getting behind the wheel. Knowing which roads are the most dangerous, how to reduce your commute time, and what the various weather conditions mean for drivers can help you prepare for and possibly even prevent an accident – or worse.

– Vehicle Theft in Pennsylvania

RankMake/ModelYear of VehicleYearThefts
1Honda Accord19971997544
2Honda Civic19981998539
3Ford Pickup (Full Size)20062006303
4Toyota Camry20142014269
5Nissan Altima20152015261
6Chevrolet Impala20062006224
7Toyota Corolla20142014210
8Chevrolet Pickup (Full Size)20032003203
9Jeep Cherokee/Grand Cherokee19991999188
10Chevrolet Malibu20152015159

While it can be a comfort to know that a stolen vehicle would be covered under the comprehensive coverage, the ability to replace the car doesn’t stop you from feeling violated if your car is stolen.

Oddly enough, a stolen car isn’t just a worry for people with new or expensive automobiles — the most commonly stolen vehicles are often older minivans or family sedans.

Comprehensive insurance is often the first coverage rejected in an attempt to keep your insurance costs low, but a liability-only policy won’t protect you in case of car theft. If your car is on the table of most commonly stolen vehicles above, you may want to think carefully about whether or not you need comprehensive coverage.

– Road Fatalities in Pennsylvania

According to the NHTSA, there were 1,190 traffic fatalities in Pennsylvania in 2018. Of those, 334 were alcohol-related fatalities and 455 were speeding-related fatalities.

Traffic accidents aren’t just caused by speeding and alcohol, however. Whether someone was playing on their phone or you were surprised by a deer crossing the highway, a traffic accident can cause serious damage to your vehicle and leave you injured, or worse, dead.

– Most fatal highway in Pennsylvania

In Pennsylvania, I80 runs from the border of New Jersey all the way to the Ohio state line.

While it is tempting to assume that, because they run so close to Philadelphia, there would be more traffic, and therefore more fatalities, on Highway 76 or 81, the sheer length of I80 makes it the most fatal highway in the state.

– Fatal Crashes by Weather Condition and Light Condition

Weather ConditionDaylightDark, but LightedDarkDawn or DuskOther / UnknownTotal
Normal1684097100315
Rain4916234092
Snow/Sleet15172025
Other54125026
Unknown332109158242625
TOTAL5691702974521,083

Weather and light conditions can affect the number of accidents on the road, with slick asphalt or poorly lit streets increasing the odds of an accident.

Weather can also increase the severity of an accident, turning what otherwise could have been a minor fender bender into a situation where injuries or even fatalities occur.

When driving in the dark or in inclement weather you will need to take precautions. Use your headlights, drive slowly, and leave yourself plenty of space on the roads to protect yourself from an accident.

– Fatalities (All Crashes) by County

Fatalities by County Name20142015201620172018
Adams61415516
Allegheny5954726768
Armstrong1414689
Beaver101251715
Bedford13711128
Berks3339354841
Blair132322912
Bradford81610913
Bucks4456525154
Butler2516301718
Cambria13912129
Cameron12000
Carbon101112913
Centre1215201613
Chester3435243546
Clarion54478
Clearfield142091618
Clinton910694
Columbia1114769
Crawford148121014
Cumberland2513282622
Dauphin1719303642
Delaware2621292519
Elk741137
Erie3031272721
Fayette1828222319
Forest00422
Franklin2625202023
Fulton95275
Greene126599
Huntingdon117453
Indiana91721710
Jefferson571135
Juniata512622
Lackawanna1719202030
Lancaster6248444245
Lawrence101110917
Lebanon819212215
Lehigh3737282826
Luzerne3839322720
Lycoming182315910
McKean87734
Mercer1413151012
Mifflin54372
Monroe2334291821
Montgomery3834324350
Montour25353
Northampton2928292621
Northumberland6916912
Perry7111189
Philadelphia979410194103
Pike976410
Potter04226
Schuylkill2915142323
Snyder79445
Somerset161281114
Sullivan12141
Susquehanna10101597
Tioga10513115
Union73249
Venango821166
Warren36476
Washington2923222729
Wayne1181266
Westmoreland3541333635
Wyoming84272
York4540393849

Philadelphia County has the highest number of fatalities by far in Pennsylvania, with more than twice as many fatalities as Montgomery County and York County. Philadelphia County has significantly more people residing there than most other counties, though, so it makes sense that they would have more traffic fatalities as well.

– Traffic Fatalities

Traffic Fatalities in Pennsylvania2009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Rural649693640697629610616647607524
Urban607631646613581585581541528660
Unknown0000003026
Total1,2561,3241,2861,3101,2101,1951,2001,1881,1371,190

Fatal crashes in rural areas have gone down over the last decade, while fatal crashes in urban areas have increased.

– Fatalities by Person Type

Fatalities by Person Type20142015201620172018
Bicyclist and Other Cyclist1916162218
Bus03114
Large Truck2830263220
Light Truck - Other02200
Light Truck - Pickup84112879095
Light Truck - Utility130144136136148
Light Truck - Van4048372845
Passenger Car514478494463460
Pedestrian161151170147197
Other/Unknown Nonoccupants868106
Other/Unknown Occupants2632202132
Total Motorcyclists185178191187165
Total Nonoccupants188173194179221
Total Occupants822849803771804
Total1,1951,2001,1881,1371,190

There has been a noticeable reduction in the number of passenger car fatalities over the last few years, while pickup trucks and pedestrians have both seen an increase in fatalities over time.

– Fatalities by Crash Type

Fatalities by Crash Type20142015201620172018
Involving a Large TrucK162161169168142
Involving a Roadway Departure711772669642680
Involving a Rollover246250266213222
Involving an Intersection257241272252268
Involving Speeding509540504469455
Single Vehicle671678662620652
Total Fatalities (All Crashes)1,1951,2001,1881,1371,190

There has been a noticeable reduction in fatalities from speeding and rollovers since 2014.

– Five-Year Trend For The Top 10 Counties

RankingCounty20142015201620172018
1Philadelphia County979410194103
2Allegheny County5954726768
3Bucks County4456525154
4Montgomery County3834324350
5York County4540393849
6Chester County3435243546
7Lancaster County6248444245
8Dauphin County1719303642
9Berks County3339354841
10Westmoreland County3541333635
Sub Total 1.*Top Ten Counties489483470490533
Sub Total 2.**All Other Counties706717718647657
TotalAll Counties1,1951,2001,1881,1371,190

Dauphin county, while coming in relatively low on this list, has seen the number of traffic fatalities in the county more than double since 2014.

– Fatalities Involving Speeding by County

Speeding Related Fatalities by County20142015201620172018
Adams37645
Allegheny2117291722
Armstrong104141
Beaver44377
Bedford32586
Berks1215202420
Blair4129310
Bradford510435
Bucks1422221514
Butler10712116
Cambria75437
Cameron00000
Carbon86526
Centre55683
Chester1621131319
Clarion31345
Clearfield775119
Clinton37253
Columbia78336
Crawford100538
Cumberland14810117
Dauphin710141915
Delaware10109116
Elk41923
Erie141610125
Fayette111615159
Forest00012
Franklin1077118
Fulton70143
Greene74564
Huntingdon66422
Indiana391334
Jefferson23222
Juniata42512
Lackawanna7811712
Lancaster2224191313
Lawrence27546
Lebanon08873
Lehigh10188109
Luzerne171810127
Lycoming910552
McKean55433
Mercer63448
Mifflin01031
Monroe17171377
Montgomery1513111519
Montour01221
Northampton1271266
Northumberland13836
Perry38235
Philadelphia3432222924
Pike47407
Potter02012
Schuylkill1077810
Snyder36135
Somerset48768
Sullivan01010
Susquehanna76360
Tioga40744
Union11134
Venango00615
Warren12333
Washington1614121410
Wayne631114
Westmoreland1519182113
Wyoming52150
York2227181114

Given the high number of traffic-related fatalities in Pennsylvania each year, it is surprising to see that even Philadelphia County saw fewer than 30 speeding-related fatalities in 2018. Additionally, the number of speeding-related fatalities has gone down in many counties in the state.

– Fatalities in Crashes Involving an Alcohol-Impaired Driver by County

Fatalities Involving an Alcohol-Impaired Driver by County20142015201620172018
Adams24242
Allegheny2216222422
Armstrong67043
Beaver30247
Bedford22322
Berks61313128
Blair37822
Bradford46244
Bucks1214171616
Butler84683
Cambria74252
Cameron10000
Carbon44133
Centre25527
Chester111471812
Clarion22003
Clearfield47235
Clinton33020
Columbia35103
Crawford52635
Cumberland73988
Dauphin3610810
Delaware66797
Elk40522
Erie87687
Fayette57666
Forest00002
Franklin44346
Fulton32010
Greene53124
Huntingdon32212
Indiana361311
Jefferson23101
Juniata03212
Lackawanna751059
Lancaster16151468
Lawrence23426
Lebanon11473
Lehigh7131057
Luzerne2018783
Lycoming96453
McKean43211
Mercer53447
Mifflin00031
Monroe881257
Montgomery1346149
Montour12010
Northampton681446
Northumberland03323
Perry13244
Philadelphia2631232227
Pike84114
Potter00023
Schuylkill54258
Snyder05011
Somerset44255
Sullivan02000
Susquehanna53643
Tioga31511
Union20012
Venango10211
Warren00023
Washington119989
Wayne12711
Westmoreland816131210
Wyoming32121
York1016131213

Luzerne and Lancaster counties have both seen a noticeable and significant reduction in the number of alcohol-related fatalities since 2014.

– Teen Drinking and Driving

DUI Arrest (Under 18 years old)DUI Arrests (Under 18 years old) Total Per Million PeopleDUI Arrests (18 years old and older)DUI Arrests (18 years old and older) Total Per Million PeopleTotal DUI ArrestsTotal DUI Arrests Per Million PeopleDUI Arrests as a % of Total Arrests% of POP.Total Arrests2016 Estimated Population (Under 18)2016 Estimated Population (18 years old and older)2016 estimated populationFor every 1 minor arrested for a DUI, # of adults
365136.4644,1114,363.3644,4763,478.9711.79%0.35%377,0782,674,80510,109,42212,784,227121

Out of more than 44,000 DUI arrests in 2016, only 365 were kids under 18, which is less than 1 percent of all DUI arrests in the state.

– EMS Response Time

EMS Response TimeTime of Crash to EMS NotificationEMS Notification to EMS ArrivalEMS Arrival at Scene to Hospital ArrivalTime of Crash to Hospital ArrivalTotal Fatal Crashes
Rural4.7911.0839.5551.38574
Urban3.196.728.3536.32507

The numbers in the chart above represent both urban and rural EMS response times in minutes according to the US Department of Transportation. The urban response times are much faster, but this makes sense when you consider there are more ambulances and hospitals in urban areas than in rural ones.

– Transportation in Pennsylvania

Most people in the state own a vehicle but, for those who don’t, Pennsylvania has a wide variety of public transportation options, such as:

  • Fixed-route transit service in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, as well as 21 small urban areas and 22 rural areas
  • 44 ridesharing services in every Pennsylvania county
  • 13 bus routes (intercity)
  • Keystone Corridor Amtrak service (Harrisburg to New York by way of Philadelphia) and Pennsylvanian Amtrak service  (Pittsburgh to Philadelphia)
  • 66 counties have rural transportation for the disabled

– Car Ownership

The average household in Pennsylvania has two vehicles, with 2.5 million households having two vehicles in 2017. This is almost double the 1.26 million households who have three cars. There are also another 1.26 million households that have only one vehicle.

There are 473 thousand households that have four cars and 202 thousand households with five or more, but the number of households that don’t have a vehicle at all is 290 thousand, which means there are more households with no cars at all than households with five or more.

– Commute Time

The average commute time in Pennsylvania is 25.7 minutes, which is just slightly longer than the national average of 25.5 minutes.

Just under 3 percent of drivers in Pennsylvania have what is referred to as a “super commute”, meaning they commute 90+ minutes each way. There are another 3.14 percent of people at the other end of the spectrum, with a commute of fewer than five minutes each way.

– Commuter Transportation

In 2017, a whopping 76.2 percent of people in Pennsylvania had a solo commute to work, which means the vast majority of cars on the road during rush hour aren’t using the HOV lane.

Another 8.51 percent of drivers in Pennsylvania carpooled to work, while a lucky 4.96 percent of people work from home, which means they have no commute at all. Another 4.96 percent of Pennsylvanians use public transportation to commute to work.

– Traffic Congestion

URBAN AREA2018 IMPACT RANK (2017)HOURS LOST IN CONGESTIONYEAR OVER YEAR CHANGECOST OF CONGESTION (PER DRIVER)INNER CITY TRAVEL TIME (MINUTES)INNER CITY LAST MILE SPEED (MPH)
Philadelphia, PA69 (67)112 (95)0%$1,568610
Pittsburgh, PA59 (56)127 (77)5%$1,776513

According to the Inrix Global Traffic Scorecard, traffic in Pittsburgh increased 5 percent last year, while traffic in Philadelphia hasn’t changed at all.

Keep in mind that your commute time is impacted by traffic congestion as well as the number of accidents on the road, both of which are major factors in your insurance premiums.

Leaving for work a little earlier (or later) can be a simple way to reduce the time you spend in traffic and help reduce your insurance premiums.

You can also make bigger changes, like taking the bus or train to work, or asking your boss if you can work from home for part of the week, to further reduce your overall commute time. This is a smart way to help keep your premiums low.

Did we miss any important information in this guide? More importantly, is there cheaper car insurance available to you in Pennsylvania? Enter your zip code now to find out.

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